The appeal process
The match is last season - ancient history now - in an EBU knockout. My questions aren't about the hand itself but about the ruling and appeals process in an EBU knockout. There was a dispute about a late alert and the impact it did or did not have on the hand result, with the match result hanging on the ruling. The initial request for a ruling was made by the captains in writing after the match completed. It went to one of the EBU top level directors who ruled "no amendment". The other team appealed. That was sent to a referee who ruled the other way with an adjusted score. The referee was a well-known bridge name; I don't know whether the individual is a qualified director.
I have three questions:
1) When does an appeal of this type go to an appeals committee and when does it go to a single referee ?
2) If the one referee comes to a different conclusion from the one top-level TD, why does one person's view override one other person's view ? (I am told that the referee is meant to "consult" but if this referee did so, there was no mention of that in the referee's ruling)
3) If the top level TD and the referee are reaching different conclusions, is that not a good case to defer to an appeals committee ?
Thank you for your thoughts